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How to measure the earthquake actual epicenter

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How to measure the earthquake actual epicenter

Earthquake is one of the most common disasters in the recent world. Earthquake is not a recent disastrous event. It has a long history of occurrence. From the beginning of the earth’s formation earthquake is happening every day in a small or big magnitude.

The ancient people did not know the actual cause of the earthquake. The world is getting more knowledge and technology to explore natural events.

Uncivilized people think that earthquake is caused by God’s will. But recent technology proves that this is a natural process like as wind blows from east to west or west to east or north to south. This is so natural process happening throughout the world every day.

Scientists prove that most occurrences of earthquakes happen in the Ring of Fire. The ring of fire is the region where the earth’s crust is subducting or moving far away from each other.

Plate tectonics is the main cause of happening earthquakes. The theory of tectonics shows that the earth is made up of some land mass called plate. These plates are moving continuously very slowly.

The source of plate tectonic movement is the energy from the hot magma inside the earth. The plate movement works like a piece of paper moving on the boiling water in a glass.

The lifespan of human beings is so tiny that people cannot realize the movement of plates. The plate moves 10 cm per year on average.

Modern humans identify the location of the earthquake. Scientists developed a measuring technique called a seismograph. The recorded seismic wave on a piece of paper is called seismogram.

From the height of the seismic wave on a seismogram, we can identify the magnitude of the earthquake. Now the whole world is covered with earthquake-measuring seismographs. For each location, every seismograph detects some seismic wave from a specific earthquake.

These seismic waves tell us the actual location of the seismic source. The actual source of seismic waves is called the epicenter of the earthquake. If an earthquake happened then to get the actual location we need at least three seismograph data.

From each seismograph data, we can get a circle of the approximate location of the earthquake. Each circle then intersects at a specific point. The epicenter is the point of the actual location of the earthquake.

How to measure the earthquake actual epicenter

For details here is the picture to get the idea.

How to measure the earthquake actual epicenter