Scientific inventions in 2022: NASA’s new space telescope is just its breakthrough of the year after a successful launch and a near-perfect unfolding and communication process the data coming in are already giving us a much clear picture of the cosmos than we are ever seen. But there was a lot of groundbreaking science last year.
In the lab in the field and even in congress. Here are a few other advances and Scientific inventions that made 2022 a big year for science.
AI gets creatives:
2021`s breakthrough of the year was an AI ability to predict protein structures. This year AI continued to get creative, from designing novel proteins to writing computer code that can solve numerical problems.
Alien arriving on earth baroque painting, on the visual front, text to image models, like DALLE-2 generate intricate and captivating images. In the coming year human will continue to use Al as a tool to innovate and create.
Nasa`s double asteroid redirection test crashed a spacecraft into a little moon called dimorphos, permanently altering its orbits. This was the first ever trial of a planetary defense strategy that could be used if we detect any asteroid on a collusion course with earth.
Visru causes Multiple sclerosis:
Using medical records from millions of US military service people, researcher found that an infection visur by the Epstein-Barr virus, a common herpes virus, raised the risk of developing multiple sclerosis 32-fold. Another team of scientist discovered that one of Epstein-Barr`s protein can trick the immune system into attacking neurons. These new discovering could spur effects to develop antiviral drug to treat MS, and raise the possiblity that vaccines could prevent it altogether.
Ancient ecosystem reconstructed:
Researcher have extracted two million year old DNA snippets from northern green land doubling what was thought to be the shelf lfe of DNA. Analysis of the environmental DNA or eDNA , paints a picture of a lush forest unlike anything that esists today. eDNA from sites with similar preservation could provide new insights into other arctic areas where fossils are sparse.
Black death Legacy:
Figuring out how the balck death left its mark on survivors has been difficult. By studuing the ancient DNA of 500 people buried in Europe before, during and after the Balck death, researcher found that survivors had gene varients that boosted their immunity to the flea-borne bacterium that cause the plague. One protective variant persits in some europeans today but it also puts there individuals at a higher risk for developing autoimmune diseases. Large scale clinical trial of two vaccines against respitory syncytial virus or RSV, can safely protect the two groups hardest hit by this common infection infants and the elderly. RSV vaccine development was detailed for decades after a trial 50 years ago made infections worse. But the new vaccine use advanced technology to trigger a far better antibody responses.
A surprigingly massive microbes:
In the mangroves of the french Antilles, researchers discovered a bacterium up to two centimeters long five thousand times longer than a typical microbe. Unlike other bacterial cells, thiomagarita Magnifica packages its DNA into sacs called pepsins. Its unique internal structure could represent a transition form between eukaryotes and prokaryotes.
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